Policy of Vietnam
Vietnam is a one-party state led by the Vietnamese Communist Party (PCV). The supreme organ of the state is the Vietnamese National Assembly, which is the only organization with legislative power. The parliament has 498 seats and its members are elected indirectly for five years.
In addition, the People's Assembly elects the President of the Vietnamese State to the symbolic role and the Prime Minister and his Government. They are the second and third personages of the state. The first person in the state is the Secretary General of the Vietnamese Communist Party.
The Vietnamese executive is composed of:
- Nguyen Phu Trong, President since October 23, 2018: The current head of state and the commander of the armed forces of Vietnam, presiding over the Defense and National Security Council.
- Nguyen Xuan Phuc, Prime Minister since April 07, 2016: Head of Government, he chairs a council of ministers composed of 3 deputy prime ministers and 26 ministers and commissions.
- Nguyen Phu Trong, Secretary General of the Party since January 19, 2011: He is the head of the true center of power - the Communist Party of Vietnam (PCV).
Administratively, the country is currently divided into 63 provinces and 5 cities directly under central government (namely Hanoi, Hai Phong, Da Nang, Can Tho and Ho Chi Minh City). Each province is divided into several districts, themselves made up of communes.
At each administrative level is a People's Council, directly elected by the people. This Council in turn elects a People's Committee, a true local executive body.
After a period of closure in the world and following the embargo, since the 1990s, Vietnam has begun to develop its international relations in the direction of diversification and multilateralisation. So far, the country has diplomatic relations with 224 countries and is a member of international organizations such as:
- The Francophonie (1970)
- United Nations (1977)
- Movement of Non-Aligned Countries (1976)
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (1995).
- Asia-Europe Cooperation Forum (1996)
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (1998)
- World Trade Organization (2006)
In 2007, Vietnam was elected to the non-permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council for the 2008-2009 term.