Population of Vietnam

Vietnam is ranked 14th among the most populous countries in the world. 33.1% of its population lives in urban areas and 66.9% lives in rural areas. The most populated region is the Red River Delta with about 19.5 million people.

On the ethnic level, the Vietnamese population is composed mainly of the Viet ethnic group, officially called Kinh (86%), which occupies the plains, the coastline and the large deltas. 53 other ethnic groups represent between 5 and 10 million individuals and populate the 2/3 of the territory in the mountainous areas of the country.

- North: Hmong, Dzao, Dzay, Muong (mountains), Thai, Tay (valleys), ...

- Center: Bana, Sedang, Mnong (highlands), ...

- South: Khmer (Mekong Delta), ...

Some ethnic groups include hundreds of thousands of individuals, others tens of thousands, sometimes only a few thousand, and even less than a thousand. The least important ethnic groups, such as the Ro-Mam who are barely 250 individuals, the Brau, about 250 as well as the O-Du, less than 100 individuals, are in the process of extinction.

Minority ethnic groups, long sidelined, are now recognized and protected by the government. They maintain their language, culture, belief and traditional way of life.

Population of Vietnam - Main ethnic groups